Adding Sounds to Your Web Pages
Computers now typically come with sound cards and speakers so that
music and sounds can be heard. Web pages can contain sounds, and this activity describes how
to create your own sounds, find interesting sounds on the Internet, and add them to your
Web pages. This activity leads you through the process of adding sound files to your Web pages.
- Learn about the sound file formats developed for the PC and Macintosh.
- Learn how to create sound files and add them into your Web pages.
- Learn where on the Internet to find interesting sound files.
Materials and Resources
In developing our lessons and activities, we made some assumptions about the hardware and
software that would be available in the classroom for teachers who visit the LETSNet Website. We
assume that teachers using our Internet-based lessons or activities have a computer with the necessary
hardware components (mouse, keyboard, and monitor) as well as a World Wide Web browser. In the
section below, we specify any "special" hardware or software requirements for a lesson or activity (in
addition to those described above) and the level of Internet access required to do the activity.
Special hardware requirements: none.
Special software requirements: none.
Internet access: Medium-speed (28,800 BPS via phone) or higher.
Sounds add something special to the Web, whether they be voices, special
audio effects, or
musical numbers, and you may want to
add sound files to your HTML files to spice up your Web pages. This activity describes
basic sound file formats, how to add the necessary HTML tags to your Web pages, and
where to find interesting sounds on the Internet.
- There are several popular sound file formats, some that only work on the PC/Windows
platform and others that only work on Macintosh computers. The main audio file formats are:
- MIDI=Musical Instrument Digital Interface
- MPEG=Motion Picture Experts Group
- AIFF=Audio Interchange File Format (Macintosh only)
- Adding Sound Files to Your Web Pages: To add a sound file to your HTML, you need to
create or download the sound file, convert it into an acceptable audio format (see above), and
then add a reference to it on your Web page. Use the Internet Resources below to locate sound
files on the Internet, or use your computer to capture sounds. If you have a computer with sound
capability (with a microphone, sound card and speakers) it should have sound recording software
included. Record the sounds you want, and then save the files for inclusion on your Web page.
Use one of the sound utility software products (see Internet Resources below) to convert the
sound file into the format you want on your Web page. To add a sound file to your HTML page,
use the <A HREF=""> HTML tag. The <A HREF="">
syntax is <A HREF="soundfilename">, where soundfilename is the name of
the sound (audio) file. For example:
would result in the "talk.wav" sound played whenever someone clicks on that link on your page,
if they have a Wave sound player installed and assuming you have a file on your Web server
(http://www.somewhere.com/) in the "sounds" folder or subdirectory called "talk.wav."
- Sound files can be large, depending on the format, quality, and length of the sound. While
short sounds can be placed onto and downloaded from Web pages as AU or WAV files, larger sound
files can be compressed and decompressed using add-in tools to make listening over the Internet
more acceptable. Examples of sound compression and decompression tools include RealAudio and
ShockWave (see Internet Resources below). These products require special server software and
Sounds on the Web
Sound and Audio Utility Resources
- Internet Underground Music Archive
An on-line archive of music available for downloading.
- Stoutman's Wav Sounds
A collection of Wave (Wav) files and links to other Wave Websites.
- UnderWorld Sound
Links to a variety of sounds on the Internet.
- Wave Central
A complete Website for wave (Wav) sound files.
- Websites with Sounds
Links to various archives of sound files organized into three groups: music, voices, and sounds.
- Mac Sound Utilities
A list of Macintosh-based sound and audio utility programs.
- Multi-media Music
A good resource for sound on the Web. Includes sound utilities for the Mac and PC, sound effects
and (royalty-free) music loops and logo stings.
- PC Sound Utilities
A list of PC/Windows-based audio and sound utility programs.
An audio streaming (compression/decompression) product.
- Shockwave from MacroMedia
Another audio streaming (compression/decompression) product from MacroMedia.
- Virtual Library: Audio
A list of resources on using audio on the Internet.
- YAHOO Links to Sounds
An updated list of sound resources on the Internet.
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